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Theology for Beginners (Paperback)

One WHY STUDY THEOLOGY?

Twenty-five years ago I visited a town where I was to lecture. A young woman told me she was coming to my lecture, and then asked what it was to be about. I said, “The Blessed Trinity.” She said, “Oh,” and then after a distinct pause, “Ah well.” In other words, if her bishop wanted her to listen to a lecture on the Blessed Trinity, she would listen to it. She hoped, doubtless, that she would do even harder things if her bishop called for them. The one thing that emerged most definitely was that she expected no joy. And in that she represented any number of millions of her fellow Catholics. As a body, we hope to go to heaven, which means spending eternity with the Blessed Trinity, and we expect the experience to be wholly blissful; but in the prospect of spending an hour with the Blessed Trinity here below, there is no anticipation of bliss.

The incident took me back further years. I had remarked to a theologian how sad it was that a layman could not get a course in theology. He said, “But why should you study theology? You are not obliged to.” In my new excitement over dogma, I was quite incapable of giving any lucid answer to his question why. I mumbled something to the effect that the truth would make me free, and I wanted to be free. I shall try now to answer that question.

In a way I am still hampered now as I was then by a feeling of the strangeness of having to make a case for anything so exciting and so joy-giving. But the joy and excitement of theological knowledge is like the joy and excitement of any other love—it cannot be explained to one who has not experienced it; it need not be explained to one who has. I shall keep, therefore, to the plainest of reasons. Truth is food and truth is light.

“Not on bread alone does man live,” said Christ Our Lord, quoting Deuteronomy to the devil. Everybody knows the phrase, and most people tend to complete it according to their own fancy of what is most important to the hungry soul of man. But it had its own completion in Deuteronomy and Our Lord reminded the devil of that too: “but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.” Revealed truth, then, is food. Now it is a peculiarity of food that it nourishes only those who eat it. We are not nourished by the food that someone else has eaten. To be nourished by it, we must eat it ourselves.

Truth is light too. Not to see it is to be in darkness, to see it wrong is to be in double darkness. The greater part of reality can be known only if God tells us. Doctrine is what he tells; lacking it, we lack light. To be stumbling along in the dark, happy in the knowledge that our guides can see, is not at all the same thing as walking in the light. It is immeasurably better than stumbling through the dark with blind guides but it is poverty all the same.

It will be said that no Catholic can go wholly unnourished, for there is the Eucharist, or wholly in the dark, because of the truths that the Church does manage to get through to the least interested of her children. As to the Eucharist, this is most gloriously true, though even there a man will be helped by going as far into the doctrine as the Church can take him, that he may know better by what food his soul lives. But as to the truths, I am not at all so sure. Some monstrous shapes flit about the Catholic mind. I remember an educated Catholic who was asked how God could be in three persons and answered, “God is omnipotent, and can be in as many persons as he likes”; and another who thought Christ is slain at every Mass; and having kept no record, I cannot tell the number of times I have heard the phrase “The poor Holy Ghost, he is so neglected” —that is, he does not get much of our attention and must make out as best he can with the company of the Father and the Son!

Let us not labor this. A Catholic, thank God, never can be wholly unnourished or wholly in the dark. But he may be living an undernourished life in the half-dark, and that is a pity.

I cannot say how often I have been told that some old Irishman saying his rosary is holier than I am, with all my study. I daresay he is. For his own sake, I hope he is. But if the only evidence is that he knows less theology than I, then it is evidence that would convince neither him nor me. It would not convince him, because all those rosary-loving, tabernacle-loving Irishmen I have ever known (and my own ancestry is rich with them) were avid for more knowledge of the faith. It does not convince me, because while it is obvious that an ignorant man can be virtuous, it is equally obvious that ignorance is not a virtue; men have been martyred who could not have stated a doctrine of the Church correctly, and martyrdom is the supreme proof of love. Yet with more knowledge of God they would have loved him more still.

Knowledge serves love—it can turn sour, of course, and serve pride or conceit and not love, and against this we poor sons of Eve must be on our guard.

Knowledge does serve love. It serves love in one way by removing misunderstandings that are in the way of love, which at the best blunt love’s edge a little. For example, the fact of hell can raise a doubt of God’s love in a man who has not had his mind enriched with what the Church can teach him, so that he is driven piously to avert his gaze from some truth about God in order to keep his love undimmed. But knowledge serves love in a still better way, because each new thing learned and meditated about God is a new reason for loving him.

A Catholic might still feel that all this was convincing enough, but that none of it was for him all the same. The Church does not command him to go deep into theology; if his soul is not getting all the food it might, it suffers no hunger pangs; the half-dark seems pretty light to him; he knows he loves God; and anyhow it is his own business.

Now insofar as a Catholic is satisfied with what he is getting, there is no more to be said. It is his business; at least it’s not mine. But life is not only getting; it must be giving as well, and a Catholic can hardly be so easily satisfied, or satisfied at all, with what he is giving. The most obvious fact of our day is that we are surrounded by millions who are starved of food that Christ Our Lord wanted them to have—they are getting too small a ration of truth, and of the Eucharist no ration at all. We regret their starvation, of course, but we do not lose any sleep over it, which raises the question of whether we really appreciate the food we ourselves get from the Church. We should not take it so calmly if their starvation were bodily, for we do know the value of the bread that perishes.

If spiritual starvation is to be relieved, it must be largely the work of the laity, who are in daily contact with starvation’s victims. We must come to an understanding of the great dogmas, so that we know them in themselves and in their power to nourish; we must bend every effort to mastering their utterance. Only thus can we relieve the starvation that now lies all about us. Once we see it, we see that we must set about it—primarily and overwhelmingly for the sake of these others, since it is intolerable that men should be perishing for want of truth that we could bring them. But not only for their sake. For our own sake too, for it is not good for us, or our children, to be the sane minority in a society that is losing contact with God.

This book will be concerned with theology as meeting the twofold need: the need of our own souls for the food and light and love of God which the great dogmas bring with them; and the need of men all about us, a need which can be met only if we meet it—for as Vatican II points out only the laity are in personal contact with the millions outside the Church, and communication of truth can flow normally through this personal contact.

The reading of this, and indeed of all theological books, should be accompanied by the reading of Scripture. Without that, it is possible to obtain an accurate knowledge of the truths of revelation, but Scripture has a wonderful power of making the truths come alive in the soul; it is possible for a man to possess the truth, while yet the truth does not possess him. The Gospels must of course be read; after them, the Acts of the Apostles and some of St. Paul’s Epistles—especially 1 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians. Not hastily, but sooner or later, the whole of Scripture should be read. For those who come new to serious Gospel reading, Maisie Ward’s They Saw His Glory will be useful. It studies the four Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles, as she showed them to thousands in her years of outdoor speaking.

Theology for Beginners (Paperback)

by Frank Sheed

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Discover the fundamental teachings of the Catholic Church so you can feel confident in your ability to explain your faith to others.

Theology for Beginners (Paperback)

by Frank Sheed

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Discover the fundamental teachings of the Catholic Church so you can feel confident in your ability to explain your faith to others.

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About Theology for Beginners (Paperback)

Clear, precise, and inspiring, Theology for Beginners has been acclaimed as an outstanding introduction to theology. This book will equip you with the information you need to understand key doctrines of Catholicism and explain them to others. Along the way, you will find yourself falling more deeply in love with your faith and more confident of your ability to bring healing and hope to what Frank Sheed called “a society that is losing contact with God.”

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Author Frank Sheed

Publisher Beacon Publishing

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